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Section 10



@ at
a before
aa of each / equal parts
AAA or A.A.A abdominal aortic aneurysm
AAOX4 awake, alert and oriented (person, place, time and event)
ab abortion
Abd. abdomen
ABG’s arterial blood gases
ABR absolute bed rest
a.c. before meals
AC antecubital
ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme
ACF antecubital fossa
ACLS advanced cardiac life support
ACT air care team
ACTH adrenocorticotrophic hormone
A&D admission and discharge
ADA American Diabetes Association
ADL activities of daily living
ad lib as desired
AED automated external defibrillator
A-Fib atrial fibrillation
A-Flutter atrial flutter
AgNO3 silver nitrate
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AKA also known as / above the knee amputation
A-Line arterial line
ALS advanced life support
A.M., am morning hours, i.e., before noon
A.M.A., AMA against medical advice / American Medical Association
Amb. ambulatory
AMI acute myocardial infarction
Amp. ampule
amt. amount
anes. anesthesia
Angio angiography/angiogram
ant. anterior
AOS arrived on scene
AP, A.P., appe appendectomy
A/P anterior/posterior
APAP acetaminophen
APE acute pulmonary edema
APGAR appearance, pulse, grimace, activity and respiratory effort
APH Arnold Palmer Hospital
A.P.& L. anterior, posterior and lateral
approx. approximately
Aq. aqueous
aqua water or H2O
ARB Angiotensin receptor blocker
ARC AIDS-related complex
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
ARNP advanced registered nurse practitioner
ASA aspirin (acetyl salicylic acid)
ASAP as soon as possible
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
ASPD Altamonte Springs Police Department
assist. assistance
A-Tach atrial tachycardia
A/V atrioventricular


BAL blood alcohol level
BBB bundle branch block
BBS bilateral breath sounds
BCFD Brevard County Fire Department
BCP birth control pills
BCSO Brevard County Sheriff¡¦s Office
B.E. barium enema
B/F black female
B.I.D. twice per day
BKA below the knee amputation
Bicarb Sodium Bicarbonate
bilat bilateral
bkfst breakfast
Bld. blood
BLS basic life support
B.M. bowel movement
B/M black male
B.P., B/P blood pressure
BR bath room
b.r. bed rest
B.R.P. bathroom privileges
B.S., BS, B/S blood sugar/breath sounds/bowel sounds
BSA body surface area
BSN Bachelor's of Science in Nursing
BUN blood urea nitrogen
BVM bag valve mask
Bx biopsy


c with
C centigrade / Celsius
C1, C2, C3 cervical vertebrae
CA cancer
Ca calcium
CaCL calcium chloride
CAD coronary artery disease
cap capsule
Cap. Ref. capillary refill
caps capsules
cath catheterization
CATH catheter
CBC, cbc complete blood count
C.B.R. complete bedrest
cc cubic centimeter
CC, c/c chief complaint
C-collar cervical collar
CCU coronary care unit / critical care unit
CDC Center for Disease Control
CHF congestive heart failure
CHO carbohydrate
CID cervical immobilization device
cm centimeters
cmpd compound
CNS central nervous system
c/o complains of
CO carbon monoxide
C.O. cardiac output
CO2 carbon dioxide
cont. continuous
COPD, COLD chronic obstructive lung disease
C.P., C/P chest pain
CPD Casselberry Police Department
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
creat creatinine
C-section cesarean section
CSF cerebral spinal fluid
CSM circulation, sensation and movement
C-spine cervical spine
CT scan computerized axial tomography
CUPS Critical, unstable, potentially unstable and stable
CVA cerebral vascular accident
CVP central venous pressure
CXR chest X-ray
cysto cystoscopy


D5W dextrose 5% in water
D10W dextrose 10% in water
D15W dextrose 15% in water
D50 dextrose 50% in water
DAT diet as tolerated
D/C discontinue / discharge
D&C dilatation and curettage
defib defibrillate
dig. digoxin
dist. distilled
DNR do not resuscitate
D.O. doctor of osteopathic medicine
DOA dead on arrival
DOB date of birth
DOE dyspnea on exertion
Dr. doctor
drsg., dsg dressing
DTs delirium tremens
Dx diagnosis
DDx or Diff Dx differential diagnosis


EBL estimated blood loss
ECG, EKG electrocardiogram
ECHO echogram (cardiogram or encephalo)
ED, E.D. emergency department
EEG electroencephalogram
EENT eyes, ears, nose, throat
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
EJ external jugular
EKG, ECG electrocardiogram
EMG electromyogram
EMT emergency medical technician
EMS emergency medical services
emul. emulsion
ENT ears, nose, throat
EPD Eatonville Police Department
epi epinephrine
EPS extra pyramidal symptoms
ER emergency room
E&R equal and reactive
esp. especially
ET, ETT endotracheal tube
ETA estimated time of arrival
etc. etcetera
ETD estimated time of departure
etiol. etiology
ETOH ethyl alcohol
EVAC Volusia County EMS Service
exam examination
exp expiratory
ext external


F. Fahrenheit
F., F, Fem female
FBS fasting blood sugar
Fe iron
FF, F.F. forced feeding / forced fluids
FHA Florida Hospital Altamonte
FHAP Florida Hospital Apopka
FHE Florida Hospital East
FHWP Florida Hospital Winter Park
FHO Florida Hospital Orlando
FHP Florida Highway Patrol
FHT fetal heart tones
fib fibrillation / fibula
fl, fld. fluid
FOB foreign object/body
FROM full range of motion
Ft. feet
FUO fever unknown origin
fx. fracture


G gravida
gm gram
ga gauge
gal gallon
GB gallbladder
GBD gallbladder disease
GCS Glasgow coma scale
GE gastroenterology
gen. general
GI gastrointestinal
gluc glucose
G.P. general practitioner
gr. grain
GSW gunshot wound
gtt. drops
G.T.T. glucose tolerance test
GU genitourinary
GYN gynecology


H2O water
H2O2 hydrogen peroxide
H/A, H.A. headache / heated aerosol
HBD has been drinking
HBO Hyperbaric Oxygen
HCH Health Central Hospital
Hct hematocrit
HCTZ hydrochlorothiazide
HEENT head, ears, eyes, nose, throat
H/F Hispanic female
H/M Hispanic male
Hgb. hemoglobin
HIV human immune deficiency virus
HazMat hazardous materials
HOB head of bed
Hosp. hospital
H&P history and physical
Hr., hr., h. (°+) hour
HR heart rate
H.S. hour of sleep
HSV herpes simplex virus
ht height
HTN hypertension
Hx history
hyper above / high
hypo below / low


IBS irritable bowel syndrome
ICM intercostal margin
ICP intracranial pressure
ICS intercostal space
ICU intensive care unit
I&D incision and drainage
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IM intramuscular
IN intranasal
Immob. immobilized
In, in. inch
I.S. incentive spirometry
info information
insp inspiratory
Int. internal
IO intraosseous
I&O intake and output
IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing
Irreg. irregular
irrig. irrigation
Isol. isolation
IU international units
IUD intrauterine device
IV intravenous
IVP, I.V.P. intravenous pyelogram / intravenous push
IVPB intravenous piggy back


J joules
jt. joint
JVD jugular vein distension


K+ potassium
KCL potassium chloride
KED Kendrick’s extrication device
Kg kilogram
Km kilometers
KUB kidneys, ureter, bladder
KVO keep vein open


L left
L liter
LA left arm
Lab laboratory
lac laceration
LAC, LA/C left antecubital
LBB long backboard
lbs pounds
LCFD Lake County Fire Department
LCSO Lake County Sheriff’s Office
L&D labor and delivery
LFD Longwood Fire Department
Lido lidocaine
LLAQ left lower abdominal quadrant
LLE left lower extremity
LLL left lower lobe
LLQ left lower quadrant
LLR left lateral recumbent
LMFD Lake Mary Fire Department
LMP last menstrual period
LMPD Lake Mary Police Department
LOC loss of consciousness / level of consciousness
LP. lumbar puncture
LPD Longwood Police Department
lpm liters per minute
LPN, L.P.N. licensed practical nurse
LR, RL lactated ringers / ringers lactate
L.S. lung sounds
LSD lysergic acid diethylamide
L-spine lumbar spine
L/S spine lumbar sacral spine
Lt, (L) left
LUAQ left upper abdominal quadrant
LUE left upper extremity
LUL left upper lobe
LUQ left upper quadrant


M. meter
M male
MAE moves all extremities
MAO monoamine oxidase
MAST military anti-shock trousers / medical anti-shock trousers
mcg., µg. microgram
MCL modified chest lead
MD, M.D. doctor of medicine
ME medical examiner
meas measure
Mec meconium
med, meds medicine / medications
med. medium
meq, mEq milliequivalents
MFD Maitland Fire Department
mg., mgm milligram
Mg/Dl milligrams per deciliter
MI myocardial infarction
min minute
ml milliliter
mm millimeter
mmHg millimeter of mercury
mn midnight
M/O month old
MOI mechanism of injury
mos months
MPD Maitland Police Department
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS, MSO4 morphine sulfate
MSN Master’s of Science in Nursing
MVA motor vehicle accident
MVC motor vehicle crash


Na sodium
N.A. nursing assistant
NA, N/A not applicable
NaCl sodium chloride
NAD no acute distress
NaHCO3 sodium bicarbonate
N.C., N/C nasal cannula
Neg., Θ negative
NEURO neurological
n/g, ng. nasogastric tube
N.G.T. nasogastric tube
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NKA, NKDA no known allergies / no known drug allergies
No. number
NO2 nitrous oxide
NP nurse practitioner
NPO nothing per os (mouth)
NRM, NRB non-rebreather mask
NS normal saline (.9%)
NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSG, Nsg nursing
NSR normal sinus rhythm
NTG, nitro nitroglycerine
n/v, N&V nausea and vomiting
N/V neuro/vascular
NVD nausea, vomiting and diarrhea


O2 oxygen
OB obstetrics
OBS organic brain syndrome
occ. occasionally
OCFRD Orange County Fire Rescue Division
OCSO Orange County Sheriff’s Office
(OD), od, o.d. right eye / overdose
OFD Oviedo or Orlando Fire Department
oint. ointment
OOB, o.o.b. out of bed
O.P. outpatient
OPA oralpharyngeal airway
OPD Oviedo or Orlando Police Department
OPD, O.P.D. outpatient department
OR operating room
ORHS Orlando Regional Healthcare System (ORMC)
ORIF open reduction internal fixation or orifice
ORMC Orlando Regional Medical Center
ortho. orthopedics
o.s., (OS) left eye
O.T. occupational therapy
(OU), o.u. both eyes
Ox3 oriented to person, place and time
oz. ounce


p after / post
P pulse
PA physician’s assistant / pulmonary artery
PAC premature atrial contraction
palp palpation
PALS pediatric advanced life support
PaO2 pressure of arterial oxygen
PARA number of pregnancies
PASG pneumatic antishock garment
PAT paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
Path. pathology
Pb lead
p.c. after meals
PCA patient controlled analgesia
PCN penicillin
PCP pneumocystitis carinii pneumonia / phencyclidine
PCU progressive care unit
P Edema pulmonary edema
P Emb or P Embolies pulmonary embolus
PEA pulseless electrical activity
PEARL, PERL pupils equal and reactive to light
peds. pediatrics
PEEP positive end expiratory pressure
PENRL pupils equal and non-reactive to light
per by / through
PERRL pupils equal reactive responsive to light
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PJC premature junctional contraction
P.M., pm afternoon
PMH past medical history
PM paramedic
PMS premenstrual syndrome
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
po, PO per os (mouth) / oral intake
POC position of comfort
pos,⊕ positive
post. posterior
post-op post-operative
POV privately owned vehicle
p.p., PP post prandial
PP postpartum (after delivery)
PPBS post prandial blood sugar
PPD purified protein derivative (TB test)
PR, pr per rectum
pre before
pre-op before surgery
pre op spec (urine) specimen before surgery
prep. preparation
P.R.N., prn pro re nata (as needed)
prog. prognosis
PROM passive range of motion / premature rupture of membranes
PSVT paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
pt patient
P.T. physical therapy or medicine
PTA prior to admission / prior to arrival
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PUD peptic ulcer disease
PVC premature ventricular contraction
PVR peripheral vascular resistance
PVT paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia


q. every
QAM, qam every morning
qd every day
qh every hour
q2h every two hours
q3h every three hours
q4h every four hours
q_h every (blank) hours
QHS, qhs every night at bedtime
qid, QID four times a day
qod, QOD every other day
qt. quart


R, ® right
R rectal / respirations
RA right arm
R/AC right antecubital
REMT registered emergency medical technician
REMT-P registered emergency medical technician-paramedic
resp respirations
RL ringers lactate
RLAQ right lower abdominal quadrant
RLE right lower extremity
RLL right lower lobe
RLQ right lower quadrant
RLR right lateral recumbent
RM, rm room
RMA Rural Metro Ambulance
RML right middle lobe
R.N. registered nurse
R/O rule out
ROM range of motion/movement
ROSC return of spontaneous circulation
Rt., (R) right
R.T. respiratory therapist
RUAQ right upper abdominal quadrant
RUE right upper extremity
RUQ right upper quadrant
RVR rapid ventricular response
Rx prescription / treatment / therapy


s without
SAT saturation
SBAR Situation, background, assessment and recommendation
s.c., Subq, subcut, SQ subcutaneous
SCFD Seminole County EMS/Fire/Rescue Division
SCHD Seminole County Health Department
SCSO Seminole County Sheriff’s Office
SFD Sanford Fire Department
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
sl sublingual / slight
SNF skilled nursing facility
SOB shortness of breath
sol. solution
sos rescue or help needed
S/P status post
sp. gr., S/G specific gravity
SPD Sanford Police Department
spec. specimen
S-spine sacral spine
SQ subcutaneous
SR sinus rhythm
S/S signs and symptoms
SSCH South Seminole Community Hospital
staph staphylococcus
stat, STAT immediately
STD sexually transmitted disease
subq subcutaneous
supp. suppository
SURG surgical
SVT supraventricular tachycardia
SW stab wound / sterile water
Sx symptoms
Sz seizure


T., temp temperature
T&A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
tab. tablet
Tach tachycardia
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
TB tuberculosis
TBSA total body surface area
Tbsp. tablespoon
TCA tricyclic antidepressant
TCP transcutaneous pacemaker
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
THR total hip replacement
TIA transient ischemic attack
tib tibia
TID three times per day
TKO to keep open
TLC tender loving care
T/O telephone order
Torr millimeters mercury (mmHg)
T.P.R. temperature pulse respiration
trach. tracheostomy
tsp. teaspoon
T-spine thoracic spine
T.U.R. transurethral resection
T.U.R.P. transurethral resection prostatectomy
T.V. tidal volume
Tx. treatment


U., u. unit
UA, U/A urinalysis
uncon. unconscious
UND undetermined
ung ointment
unilat unilateral
unkn, UNK unknown
Unrem. unremarkable
ur spec urine specimen
URI, URTI upper respiratory tract infection
USN ultrasonic nebulizer
UTI urinary tract infection
UV umbilical vein / ultraviolet


vag vaginal
VCFD Volusia County Fire Department
VCSO Volusia County Sheriff’s Office
V.D., vd venereal disease
VDRL venereal disease research lab
VF, V-Fib ventricular fibrillation
V/O, v.o. verbal order
vol volume
vs., VS vital signs
VT, V-Tach ventricular tachycardia


w/a while awake
w/b weight bearing
WBC,W.B.C. white blood count
wc., w/c wheelchair
W/D warm and dry
W/F white female
W/M white male
WNL within normal limits
W/O without
WPFD Winter Park Fire Department
WPH Winnie Palmer Hospital
WPMH Winter Park Memorial Hospital
WPPD Winter Park Police Department
WPW Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome
WSFD Winter Springs Fire Department
WSPD Winter Springs Police Department
wt. weight


Y/O, y.o. years of age / years old
yr year


> greater than
< less than
= equal to
not equal to
primary, first degree
secondary, second degree
tertiary, third degree
greater than or equal to
less than or equal to
Δ change
approximately equal to
~ approximately
equivalent to
± plus or minus
α alpha
Β beta
c with
s without
ø none
μ micro (1/1,000,000)
@ at
a before
p without